Sevillanas, they belong to the folkloric branch, songs to dance, they belong to the group of ternary measures. The Sevillana is the typical song and dance played during the different "ferias" that we celebrate all accross the Andalusian region, above all during the procession of "El Rocio", in the village of Almonteña de Huelva, or during the April Feria in Sevilla or the Andalusian ferias. They also are popular in the different processions and in the old times the Sevillanas were also present in the "Corralas" of neighbours and patios.
Its origin could be in the previous years to the Catholics Kings period. We have found some compositions under the name "Seguidillas castllanas". Then with the passage of time they become more "flamenco" and we begin to dance in the XVIII. Century until we get the songs and dances that we know today. The sevillanas are included in the flamenco "palos".
The Sevillanas appeared during the Feria of Sevilla in its first celebration, but we legally admitted them under that name in 1884. During this year the "Real Academia Española de la lengua" included that world in the dictionnary.
This is the most popular dance of Spain, you have some fast ones and other slow one.
We usually dance sevillanas in couple, but they are some exceptions and sometimes you can see a group (more tham 2 persons) dancing the four "coplas" of the sevillanas. Before they were seven "coplas" to compose a complete sevillana. We can differentiate four movements in this dance: paseíllos, pasadas, careos and remate. At the end of the last "copla" music and dance match up. It ia a romantic and provocative stance of defiance.
With a compas of 3 x 4, three times. The first one is strong and the two thers are weak.
The first sounds are performed by "rasgueo" until the singer or the guitarist introduce the song.
The guitar is usually accompanied by "palmas" to accompany the singer or the group.